NetBeans IDE is a well-known free and open-source Integrated Development Environment for Java that includes wizards and templates to assist developers to build mobile, web, and desktop applications rapidly. It allows developers to design applications using the GUI (Graphical User Interface) and includes modular components covering a wide variety of tools.
Java is an object-oriented, class-based high-level programming language that helps to develop applications for multiple platforms. The JDK (Java Development Kit) is a platform, along with the JVM (Java Virtual Machine) and the JRE (Java Runtime Environment) used to develop the Java applications. The JDK incorporates different development tools such as compiler, debuggers, class libraries, etc. that allow programmers to create Java applications that will be further run by the JVM and JRE.
A computer or hostname is a unique label assigned to a machine or device connected to a computer network in Windows. The hostname is assigned automatically by default. This server's hostname, however, can be changed at any time. Most Windows users do not know how to change the computer name on the Windows Server. Changing the hostname or server name is quite an easy and simple process. This task does not need the learning of advanced skills.
VirtualBox is open-source and cross-platform virtualization software. The Oracle VM Virtualbox allows users to run multiple virtual machines on a single host operating system. This software is free for personal and business use. Therefore, users can install it almost on all operating systems such as Linux, Microsoft Windows, Mac, and Solaris. It is intended to design for developers and IT professionals.
XAMPP stands for cross, Apache, MariaDB, Perl, and PHP. A free and open-source web server, allows you to develop WordPress websites offline on your system using a local webserver. XAMPP is a cross-platform server that users can install on almost all types of operating systems such as Linux, Windows, and macOS. It allows users to create and manipulate databases in SQLite and MariaDB.